Komunitas Asean 2015: Dinamika Sosial-Budaya dan Penguatan Pemuda-Mahasiswa


Sunday, April 13, 2014
Facing ASEAN Community 2015:
Socio-Cultural Dynamics and Strengthening Youth-Students [1]
by Shofwan Karim [2]
(Presented at the Student Leadership Training Management Intermediate (LKMM-TM) Bung Hatta University in 2014)


Next year is already in the door sill, the start of the year has been declared as an ASEAN Community (ASEAN Community). The most prominent is proclaimed free trade ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) starting in January 2015 (result not ready, then it was postponed to December 31, 2015, see: http://www.beritasatu.com/ekonomi/209714-ct-said-3 -strategi-Indonesia-face-mea-2015.html. Access, 26 September 2014), however it seems that decision socialization initiatives have not been so warm in the country. It may be cool-calm atmosphere because Indonesia considers that idea as it has been far today (2007) and lately, the people we were intoxicated by Legislative and presidential election in April and July 2014.

In case the decision was a collective statement and the joint will of the community is very significant for the future of this region, especially for the younger generation of today that will be the actors and implementing every motion and dynamics of the region’s peoples, present and future.

Therefore BEMM-UBH implement initiatives LKMM-TM Se-Sumatra with the theme, “Social Dynamics Before, Now and in the Coming Preparing Facing AEC 2015” is Right. This is done in the agenda of the National Seminar with the theme, “Social and Cultural Dynamics in the past, present, and future in order to prepare for the ASEAN Economic Community 2015”.

Of the seminar theme, I would like to discuss it more real in the context of socio-cultural namika among young people, especially young people and students in Indonesia to face the challenges of the start of free movement across countries in the ASEAN community consisting of 10 regional countries. So I ask is that the title, “Facing the ASEAN Community 2015: Socio-Cultural Dynamics and Strengthening Youth-Student”.

For that first need to be reviewed at a glance the history, vision and mission of ASEAN. Then the sequence background of the enactment of the MEA into 2015 Next potential social and cultural dynamics of the community and what the benefits of ASEAN Indonesia in this regard and what are the weaknesses of Indonesia in the face of regional competition. So, what to do young people, especially young people and students in the filling and seize the opportunity that is open in the ASEAN community’s dynamics.

With so systematic exposure is as follows:



Can be interpreted that the birth of ASEAN (The Association of Sout East Asian Nations), among others, the internal dynamics of the current answer kaerena region. There are 6 state at first that otherwise would disturb the harmony harmony and peace of the region. Furthermore, of course the birth of ASEAN also to answer the question of relations and external dynamics: APEC, East Asia, South Asia, ME, EU and so on. Hence the birth of ASEAN is a requirement

ASEAN was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok. Establishment of an ASEAN Declaration was signed by Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Establishment of the ASEAN Declaration is basically a statement of commitment and cooperation to conduct for the purpose of economic growth, social progress, cultural development and regional peace and stability of Southeast Asia. Of the six founding countries earlier, after joining Berunai Darussalam, January 7, 1984, Vietnam, July 28, 1995, Lao PDR and Myanmar, Cambodia July 23, 1997 and April 30, 1999 Now that ASEAN has 10 member countries. [3]

Among the goals of the establishment of ASEAN is to increase economic growth, promote and build the social and cultural life in the region through cooperation efforts in the spirit of equality and partnership in terms of strengthening the basic foundation for the welfare and peace community of Southeast Asian nations. Furthermore, aiming to enhance and promote regional peace and stability through adherence and appreciation to justice and the rule of law in the relationship among countries in the region and subject to the principles of the UN Charter. [4]

ASEAN has a creed or motto: One Vision, One Identity, One Community (One Vision, One Identity and One Community). One vision, the creation of regional peace, stability and harmony, with one identity, one in diversity (unity in diversity) but to the common welfare. Then one community, which is one of Southeast Asia that each entity in cooperation with the cultural values ​​of tolerance, democratic and have values ​​and norms of Southeast Asia coherent and compact.

For the actualization of the creed that efforts are undertaken comprehensive. Among them equip it with the ASEAN Charter which was decided at the November 2007 meeting of ASEAN leaders in Singapore. Its contents are things fundamental and principal on general purpose, specifically, the structure of ASEAN cooperation, kodifkasi ASEAN norms, rules and values. Everything suggests that ASEAN has a “legal personality” which clarifies the functions and competencies of the region menjabarlkan principal key ASEAN institutional and relate them to one another.

Furthermore formulated its external relations with associations, institutions, international organizations in the region and outside in various regions of the world. Both ASEAN and ASEAN as a single entity with other entities regional unity. Sepereti ASEAN +1, +2, +3, and so on. Neither the Association in sekitarnhya and other areas, East East Asia, South Asia, APEC, ME, EU etc..


Osborn & Neumeyer (in Taneko, 1984: 59) states that a community is a group of people in the adjoining areas, have the same interests and activities. Community is closely related to a group of people who are involved to reach a joint decision and can change the situation of economic, social, cultural or their environment. Community is basically a collection of people with the same vision come together to share and give each other meaning.

The development of social media allows communities to invite more people involved, mobilize support, encourage more people to get involved and spread more ideas to more quickly through the presence of the internet technology. [5]

In the regional context, the community is a group of countries with the rest of what’s in it, geography, demokrafi and natural potential within the region. Meanwhile, in essence what is meant by the ASEAN Community by 2015 as said Jauhari Oratmangun, then Director General of ASEAN, now Ambassador, Moscow is:

“A forward-looking community, living in an environment that is peaceful, stable and prosperous, united by a partnering relationship dynamic and caring community. ASEAN Community was formed to further strengthen ASEAN integration in the face of the international political constellation. ASEAN is fully aware of the need to adjust the perspective to be more open in dealing with problems of internal and external, increase solidarity, cohesiveness and effectiveness of cooperation. ASEAN is no longer just focused on economic cooperation, but also must be supported by other forms of cooperation in the field of social security and cultural politics. For that reason, the establishment of ASEAN Community by 2015 based on three pillars, namely the ASEAN Political Security Community, ASEAN Economic Community and ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community. Many challenges to be faced by ASEAN along with the rapid development in the political, security, economic, socio-cultural, technological and other fields that occur outside the region. ASEAN therefore realize the importance of efforts to further engage the community so that the growing ‘sense of belonging kekitaan’ (we feeling) to ASEAN. ASEAN must devote himself to improve cooperation can establish that that can provide immediate benefits to the community as to become an organization that rests and belongs to the whole community or a people-centered ASEAN organization. “[6]

To achieve the vision of ASEAN in 2015, the 18th ASEAN Summit in Jakarta on May 8, 2011 resulted in 2015 in the ASEAN Community Blueprint 3 main pillars. All three are the pillars of the political-security community, economic community pillar, and the pillar of socio-cultural community. [7]

The main pillars of the triangle is a unified whole that should be the Asean obsession to be realized in 2015 and the subsequent period. These three main pillars that if specified will be as follows.

First, print-blue (blue-print) ASEAN Political-Security Community (APSC). In essence aims to improve continuously attempt menggesa citizens and Member States of ASEAN live in peace with one another in the region and with the global world as a whole, in the aura of a democratic and harmonious environment. Then to realize it, is necessary among other things, (a) community-based rules denagn shared values ​​and norms; (B) strong adhesive power, the atmosphere is peaceful and resilient region with shared responsibility for comprehensive security ‘; (c) exit insight dynamic region in the strengthening of the integration in the world are mutually dependent positive and optimistic. [8] In a more concrete Implementation hence was born the following initiatives. Zone free of nuclear weapons and prevention of terrorist in Southeast Asia. Declaration regional peace, freedom and friendship and cooperation netral.Traktat Southeast Asia. ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights. Declaration between ASEAN and the PRC (the South China Sea territorial issue). 5

Secondly, belue-print of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC). Basically the regional cooperation in the economic integration efforts that are part of Member States to stimulate economic growth, increase employment and reduce poverty of its citizens. The goal is to transform ASEAN stability is more stable, more prosperous in the competition is high but the economics are more equitable development, reduce poverty and reduce socio-economic disparities region.

Specifically, it is supported by four main pillars: (1) a single market and production-based; (2) a high competitive economic region; (3) the regional development and a more equitable economic development; (4) a region fully integrated into the global economy. [9]
Third, the blue-print of the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC). The goal is to be a contribution to the realization of an ASEAN Community that is oriented to the people (citizens) and social responsibility with a view to realizing Pharmaceutics solidarity and unity among all citizens (people) in all ASEAN member countries. It was an attempt to establish a common identity and build awareness and to share the communities that are in an aura that is inclusive to achieve welfare and prosperity of all citizens of ASEAN community.

To achieve this purpose, the ASCC will implement all human-based collaborative efforts and eco-friendly sustainable development in the symbols. It is also simultaneously contribute to establishing a solid foundation in mutual understanding, good neighborliness and shared sense of responsibility in a togetherness. ASCC describe the following characteristics: (1) development of human resources; (2) social welfare and protection; (3) social justice and human rights; (4) preserve the environment and sustainable development; (5) establish the ASEAN Identity; and (6) to narrow the differences of development. [10]

Theoretically the blueprint 3 will, as if to show and in turn treats that all ASEAN countries already is a community that each citizen with equal ability. However, when viewed factual, not so. Therein lies the opportunities and challenges for each ASEAN Member State.

In terms of population, ASEAN has a number approximately 600 million, 240 million are Most serious or Indonsia population. ASEAN is the largest country of Indonessia. Of course also the natural resources, Indonesia unguessable much richer. It is all an opportunity for Indonesia to seize the advantage that is equivalent to other ASEAN countries. However, there also appears very visible challenges of data.

For example, inequality in the potential and the marketing and tourism visits. The difference in the index of global competition and so is the quality of the human resource gap.

In the following diagram it appears that among the 10 ASEAN countries, Indonesia is in the 4th position (lk. 6 million people) after Malaysia (lk. 24 million people), Thailand (lk. 14 million people) and Singapore (lk. 9 Million people) in the number of flows travelers in 2009.

In Global Competition Index in descending order, for ASEAN countries, Indonesia is in a position sequence 5. Similarly, in the HDI, Indonesia on the order of the 6th position among the 10 countries of ASEAN.


There have been claims that, when young, Indonesian students and scholars are not able to compete, then prepared to lose. Namu, a voice of optimism, that we have the advantage in the local and national socio-cultural context.

Of all the historical richness hereditary ancestors, we as the younger generation to preserve and even expand it up to foreign countries, so that the culture still exist and are not easily eroded even disappear with age. For that our efforts must be consistent if not, could have recognized the cultural heritage and seized by other countries. Some legacy belongs to Indonesia include, diverse tradition, tribe, language, dance, fashion, custom house, folk songs, batik, silver metallic,

songket, blangkon, keris, puppets, folk stories to various foods and many others. How rich we are going to all this, but still a lot of young people are ignorant and not realize it. [11]

As is already known, many of our socio-cultural heritage that turned out to have similarities with other ASEAN countries. Although we feel uncomfortable, but culinary already patented by the Malaysian rendang. Similarly, folk dance art Ponorogo Reok there are in the country side. Batik craft that became warian of classical Indonesia, was also there in Malaysia and Thailand.

For that all young people, youth and students of Indonesia must continue to remind the abilities, skills and intellectual reasoning and science and technology to be able to be on par and seize the advantage in this ASEAN community.

Then the youth and students must necessarily establish a network of collaboration and cooperation. Their initiatives seek new things through innovative and creative research network. Cultivate the ability komtesi and hone their skills and competencies. Mastering the language the lingua-franca of the world for intensive berkomunukasi. Cultivate the ability and endurance to work hard, sungguuh sunguh and discipline. Moreover, all the youth and students continuously control and maintain and improve the quality and wealth of local and national kahazanah wafrisan past and new product creativity creativity, initiative and their own new works.

ASEAN Community by 2015 already at the door. By leaders of ASEAN, ASEAN Community by 2015 it aired in a panorama of life of the people, society and community-related ASEAN political and security peaceful and harmonious, dynamic economic growth and social-cultural life of diverse but showed an ASEAN identity. ASEAN Community living in one entity in the values ​​and norms of tolerance and eastern Asia-based law-abiding, democratic and harmony with the internal and external environments.

Opportunities and challenges for young people, youth and students, conducive enough to be answered and explored for the triumph of the present and future of ASEAN in particular and the global world in general. Therefore it is necessary kereatifitas, an initiative, increase skill, knowledge and technology Advancement, competitiveness, discipline and achievement and appreciate the value of hard work and earnest. All that within the framework of the ASEAN community towards one vision, one identity and one community. ***

[1] Disampaikian at the National Seminar LKMM-TM-Sumatra BEMM Se Bung Hatta University, Padang, March 26, 2014
[2] Shofwan Karim, DR., MA (UIN Jakarta, 2008, 1991 and DRS., BA., IAIN Padang , 1982, 1976) is a Senior Lecturer in Development Course pengampu Modern Islamic World IAIN Imam snag Padang, since 1985; Commissioner of PT Semen Padang, since 2005, and officials and Rector UMSB, 2001, 2004 and 2005-2013. Click, http://www.shofwankarim.com/?page=biografi

[3] ASEAN Community 2015, Jakarta: ASEAN Secretariat, 2013.
[4] Ibid
[5] http://suzieitaco.wordpress.com/2013/08/18/komunitas-asean-2015-ready-kita/. Access, 03/23/2014. Pk. 15:04.
[6] Akeses, 25/03/2014. Pk. 09:06.
[7] http://prasetya.ub.ac.id/berita/FISIP-UB-Vision-ASEAN-Post-2015-5699-id.html. Access, 03/25/2014. Pk. 09:22.
[8] Received as a result of the ASEAN Leaders Meeting 14th, 2009 Fact Sheet of the ASEAN Political-Security Community. Jakarta: ASEAN Secretariat, 2013.
[9] Accepted as a result of the ASEAN Leaders Meeting 13th, 2007 Fact Sheet ASEAN Economy Community (AEC). Jakarta: ASEAN Secretariat, 2013.
[10] Accepted as a result of the ASEAN Leaders Meeting 14th, 2009 Fact Sheet of the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community. Jakarta: AEEAN Secretariat,
Access, 03/23/2014


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